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The name Bergama, as well as its ancient predecessor Pergamon, are thought to be connected with the even more ancient Luwian language adjective “parrai” (Hittite language equivalent; “parku”), meaning “high” in the same vein as being the etymological root of a number of other ancient cities across Anatolia.
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Known for its cotton, gold, and fine carpets, the city was the ancient Greek and Roman cultural center; its wealth of ancient ruins continues to attract considerable tourist interest today.The Theater of Pergamon, one of the steepest theaters in the world, has a capacity of 10,000 people and was constructed in the 3rd century BC.
Depart for Pergamon the historic center of the Roman authority and therefore, the place of persecution for those who denied imperial worship. The Christians in Pergamon were promised by God to be honored with a “white stone which will have a new name written on, known to none but him that receives it”. A line of rulers beginning with a general under Alexander the Great ruled over this small but wealthy kingdom, who’s Aesclepion (medical school), grew famous and whose library rivaled that of Alexandria in Egypt. The most stunning of the attractions are the Acropolis and the Great Theatre, which retains its astounding acoustics. (L)